Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Tuesday, November 20, 2018

Fault Tolerant FIFO Design For NOC Router Using Low Complextiy Voter

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 6 | Paper ID: ICON030618005
Fault Tolerant FIFO Design For NOC Router Using Low Complextiy Voter

R.Meena and D.L.Jayanthi

Abstract: The emerging technique for communication with in a large VLSI system is a Network On Chip. The fast scaling of technique there has been susceptible faults in the component of the Network On Chip, thus there is a requirement for technique to maintain circuit reliability. A fault-tolerant NOC (Network-on-chip) should be having the capacity to detect a fault and recover the system to correctly operate and work according to the mapped application. Deflection routing is a promising approach for energy and hardware efficient NOCs. The inherent redundancy of NOCs can be used to tolerate such failures. Redundancy techniques in NOC are implemented widely to increase the reliability, especially the TMR - Triple Modular Redundancy. This project proposes a simple but effective fault tolerant voter circuit for NOC which is more reliable and less expensive. Experimental results demonstrate its improvement over the former TMR structures. Proposed system has been coded in Verilog HDL and simulated using Xilinx 12.1.

VLSI Implementation Of Dead Pixel Removal Using Three Cell Sorting Median Filter

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 6 | Paper ID: ICON030618004
Multiple Cell Upset Tolerant Error Detection And Correction Code For  Semiconductor Memories Using DSSC

K.J.Lokesh and Prof. A.Vivekraj

Abstract: Median filtering (MF) is one such non-linear manipulation technique which is quite often used in number of applications such as to hide impulse noises. an SRAM-based FPGA implementation of this filter is then susceptible to configuration memory bit flips induced by single event upsets (SEU)sThe median finding algorithm often requires a basic two cell sorter which finds the higher pixel intensity and lower pixel intensity of two pixels. The proposed algorithm extensively operates on three pixels at a time either in row, column or right diagonal. In this paper, a fault-tolerant implementation of the median filter is presented and studied in¬depth. Our protection technique checks if the median output is within a dynamic range created with the remaining non-median outputs.So a three pixel sorting is the basic operation for this algorithm Hence we introduce three cell sorter to facilitate sorting. The output of the three cell sorter is maximum, middle and minimum of three pixels which are used for sorting. Our protection technique checks if the median output is within a dynamic range created with the remaining non-median outputs. An output error signal is activated if a corrupted image pixel is detected, then, a partial or complete reconfiguration can be performed to remove the configuration memory error.

Design And Implementation Of Karatsuba Based Fir Filters For Signal Processing

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 6 | Paper ID: ICON030618003
Design And Implementation Of Karatsuba Based Fir Filters For Signal Processing

N.Arunkumar and Prof. G.Kanagaraj

Abstract: Recursive combination of an algorithm based on Karatsuba multiplication is exploited to design a generalized transpose and Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filter. Mid-range Karatsuba multiplication and Carry Save adder based on Karatsuba multiplication reduce time complexity for higher order multiplication implemented up to n-bit. The Karatsuba formula is used to speed-up the multiplication of large numbers by splitting the operands in two parts of equal length.As a result, we design modified N-tap Transpose and Parallel Symmetric FIR Filter Structure using Karatsuba algorithm for the automated processing of signal data. The mathematical formulation of the FFA Filter is derived. The proposed architecture involves significantly less area delay product (APD) then the existing block implementation.  The proposed structure achieves more than a half of the power reduction by adopting with and without proposed techniques compared to the earlier design structure. our proposed architecture has been coded HDL and simulated using Xilinx 12.1.

QCA Design Of Encoder For Low Power Memory Applications

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 6 | Paper ID: ICON030618002
QCA Design Of Encoder For Low Power Memory Applications

R.Bharathi Vidhya and Prof. G.Kanagaraj

Abstract: Quantum-dot fabrication and characterization is a well-established technology, which is used in photonics, quantum optics and nan electronics. Four quantum-dots placed at the corners of a square form a unit cell, which can hold a bit of information and serve as a basis for Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA) nan electronic circuits. Although several basic QCA circuits have been designed, fabricated and tested, proving that quantum-dots can form functional, fast and low-power nan electronic circuits, QCA nan electronics still remain at its infancy. One of the reasons for this is the lack of design automation tools, which will facilitate the systematic design of large QCA circuits that contemporary applications demand. Here we present novel, programmable QCA circuits, which are based on crossbar architecture. These circuits can be programmed to implement any Boolean function in analogy to CMOS FPGAs and open the road that will lead to full design automation of QCA Nano electronic circuits. Using this architecture design and simulation of QCA circuits have proved to be area efficient, stable and reliable.

Multiple Cell Upset Tolerant Error Detection And Correction Code For Semiconductor Memories Using DSSC

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 6 | Paper ID: ICON030618001
Multiple Cell Upset Tolerant Error Detection And Correction Code For  Semiconductor Memories Using DSSC

V.Kalaivani and Prof.M.Rojaramani

Abstract: Errors that affect memories are a major issue in advanced electronic circuits. As technology scales, multiple bit errors become more likely. This limits the applicability of traditional protection techniques like Matrix code or single error correction codes that can correct only one error. Multiple errors tend to affect adjacent bits, and therefore it is interesting to use error correction codes that can correct adjacent errors. The issue with these codes is that they require a large area and delay that limits their use to protect flip-flops in circuits. This project presents the implementation and evaluation of the Data Segmentation Section Code (DSSC), a new algorithm for the detection and correction of multiple transient faults in volatile memories with low cost implementation. .our proposed system has been coded in Verilog HDL and simulated using Xilinx 12.1.

Monday, September 3, 2018

A Study on Split Domination Number of a Graph

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030518001
A Study on Split Domination Number of a Graph

R.Sheela Navarose and C.Chithiraiselvi

Abstract: this paper we have briefly study about the split domination number of graphs .A graph is a graph in which the vertices can be partitioned in to a clique and an independent set.

Monday, July 30, 2018

Generators Of Matrix Algebras In Dimension 3

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418006
Generators of Matrix Algebras In Dimension 3

M.Vidhya and C.Chithiraiselvi

Abstract: Let K be an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero and consider a set of 3×3 matrices. Using a theorem of she mesh, we give conditions for when the matrices in the set generate the full matrix algebra.

Alienation in KiranDesai’s Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard and The Inheritance of Loss

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418008
Alienation in KiranDesai’s Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard and The Inheritance of Loss

M.Arunadevi and M.Thamizhmani

Abstract: This article is going to explain the theme of Alienation in the novel Hullabaloo in the Guava Orchard and The Inheritance of loss. In these novels, characters are alienated because of their family situation. Their pathetic conditions and sufferings are well expressed in this article. Through this novel Desai vividly expounds the problem of the common people. It brings out a pictorial picture of the mental sufferings which the people undergo.

The Theme Of Dislocation In The Glass Palace And The Hungry Tide

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418005
The Theme Of Dislocation In The Glass Palace  And The Hungry Tide

K.Saranya and M.Thamizhmani

Abstract: Amitav Ghosh shows a keen interest in the reconstruction of the past. Many of his narratives turn towards historical subjects, bringing out the past in the proper perspective, a kind of global perspective. In Ghosh’s writings history and anthropology blend together perfectly. He does not shy away from commenting on politics, wars, economy, and other worldly affairs. His protagonists face a Multi-cultural Society and exhibit a deep awareness of the surrounding them. While portraying the theme of cultural dilemmas and dislocation of the migrants, Ghosh did not remain confined to the dislocations of migrants in foreign lands alone.

Identity Crisis in V.S.Naipaul’s a House for Mr.Biswas and the Mimic Men

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418007
Identity Crisis in V.S.Naipaul’s a House for Mr.Biswas and the Mimic Men

S.Shunmugapriya and M.Thamizhmani

Abstract: Literature is one of the fine arts that employs “language” as a medium of expression. It is an essentially an expression of human feelings , emotions, joys and sufferings. In India there are different languages and common literatures. Among them common wealth literature plays an important role. One of the best-known writers in English today is Vidyadhar Suraj Prasad Naipaul, himself a product of post-imperialist society.V.S.Naipaul, one of the greatest Caribbean writer’s in English, has been a great novelist and travel-writer. He wrote many splendid and excellent novels and collections of essays. Fragmentation, alienation, and exile are common terms associated with postcolonial literature. Identity crisis is a period or episode of psychological distress, often occurring in adolescence but sometimes in adulthood, when a person seeks a clearer sense of self and an acceptable role in society. It is further personal psychological conflict especially in adolescence that involves confusion about one’s social role and often a sense of loss of continuously to one’s personally. A House for Mr.Biswas tellsthe story of its protagonist. Mr.Biswas From birth to death, each section dealing with different phases of Mr.Biswas life. Here Naipaul has a more subjective approach towards the problem ofidentity crisis than the objective one a reader finds in his travelogues, especially in India. The Mimic Men is a beautiful work which deals with the theme of isolation, frustration and negation in a colonized society – a society that turns cruel and callous to the aspiration of the protagonist, Ralph Singh. The novel is presented to us in the form of a fictional autobiography. In the novel, Ralph Singh, a political exile in London, mediates on the fragments which form his Life; there is much in his wrecked life to reckon with: an uneasy childhood a painful youth, a broken marriage and an abortive political career. Both the novel deals with the identity crisis of the protagonist..

Sunday, July 8, 2018

Methodological Review On Big Datamodeling For Analytics

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418004
Methodological Review On Big Datamodeling For Analytics

Pooja S.B and Prof. Shiva Balan

Abstract: Modern technology has marshaled data outputs in a prodigious manner. The management of these generated data outputs in each of the fields has become a painstaking task. The realm of Big Data has now stepped up in to the next level of predictive analytics where data reduction has a major role. By utilizing a variety of statistical, modeling, data mining and machine learning techniques the recent and historical data can be used to predict possible outcomes, which would in fact help the stakeholders to analyze things in a better way. Big data modeling plays an important role in effective production of such prediction and its accuracy. In the field of Geographic Information Systems, These models help to manage the geospatial Big Data and provide a visual way to manage the massive amount of data resources that would in turn reduce the computation cost. Some of the data model can analyze the massive amount geospatial Big Data. There are different data models available, but these models faces different challenges such as time consumption, less accuracy, duplication etc. To overcome all those challenges and to meet all our need we need more such models. This paper studies various data models and their performance.

Studies on Irregular Graph

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418002
Studies on Irregular Graph

S.Vasanthi and Prof. C.Chithirai Selvi

Abstract: In any graph G, two vertices in G must have the same degree, so an irregular graph cannot be defined as a graph with all vertices of different degrees. A graph is thus locally irregular if for each vertex v of G the neighbours of v have distinct degrees, and these graphs are thus termed highly irregular graphs. In this paper we obtain neighbourly irregular graph, neighbourly irregular graph products, highly irregular and maximally k-path irregular graphs.

Crystal Crowth Of Zinc Sulphate Doped L – Tartaric Acid By NLO Material

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 4 | Paper ID: ICON030418001
Crystal Crowth Of Zinc Sulphate Doped L – Tartaric Acid By NLO Material

R.Varalakshmi and Prof. M. Revathi

Abstract: Growth of crystals ranges from a small inexpensive technique to a complex sophisticated process and crystallization time ranges from minutes, hours, days and to months. Crystal growth needs the careful control of a phase change. In this project, an organic nonlinear single crystals of L – tartaric acid and a 5 mol % ZnSO4 doped L-tartaric acid crystals were grown in double distilled water by slow evaporation method. This method of crystal growth is very simple. The grown sample materials were characterized by XRD analysis, UV–Vis-NIR analysis and dielectric studies.

Thursday, May 24, 2018

An Innovative Geometry and Material Design of Patch Antenna

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Paper ID: ICON030318003
An Innovative Geometry and Material Design of Patch Antenna

R. Selvameena and Prof. M. Revathi

Abstract: A novel mm-wave microstrip-fed patch antenna for broader metric and wider angular coverage is meant and verified by measurements. The antenna can able to supply a metric of 13.5% between thirty four.5 and 38.7 GHz. The antenna is made-up on RO3003 substrate with prime and ground layers, that's low fabrication value compared with totally different customary techniques. The wide halfpower beam dimension is attained by suitably designed parasitic patches for the first resonant mode. The second resonant mode contains an enormous choice of HPBW by default.the HPBW results shows worths obtained between 100° and 125° that would be a very cheap worth for a microstrip patch antenna divergent over a ground plane.The measured price of input electrical resistance and radiation characteristic of planned antenna shows excellent agreement with simulation results.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

To Improve The Lifetime Of The WSN Nodes Lifetime By Forming The Clustering Heads Using Heuristic Algorithm

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Paper ID: ICON030318002
To Improve The Lifetime Of The WSN Nodes Lifetime By Forming The Clustering Heads Using Heuristic Algorithm

Dr. A. Sundar Raj, M. Sivaranjani

Abstract: WSNs are an emerging technology that consists of large number of low cost, low power sensor nodes; a sensor node, an electronic device that is capable of detecting environmental conditions. Those sensor nodes can be deployed randomly to perform many applications such as monitoring physical events, for example environmental monitoring, battlefield surveillance, disaster relief, target tracking, etc. and they work together to form a wireless network. During last few years many unequal clustering algorithms have been proposed for Wireless Sensor Networks as an efficient way for balancing the energy consumption and prolonging the lifetime of the networks. In Existing proposal we achieved full throughput by using AODV algorithm. We have slight power loss during data transmission. To overcome that power loss here we are using the heuristic algorithm. a heuristic is a technique designed for solving a problem more quickly when classic methods are too slow, or for finding an approximate solution when classic methods fail to find any exact solution. This is achieved by trading optimality, completeness, accuracy, or precision for speed. In a way, it can be considered a shortcut. A heuristic function, also called simply a heuristic, is a function that ranks alternatives in search algorithms at each branching step based on available information to decide which branch to follow. Cluster head selection and rotation were done based on highest residual energy. The important feature of our proposed unequal clustering technique in transmitting data to the base station was analyzed and emphasized. The proposed unequal clustering technique shows better results when the network’s lifetime is compared to the equal clustering. Its concept can be effectively used to design energy efficient routing protocol in WSN. In our approach, the clusters are formed unequally into different sizes to analyze how it could affect the network lifetime of WSN by using heuristic algorithm.

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Load Frequency Control of Hydro Thermal System with Grey Wolf Controller Considering Boiler Dynamics

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Paper ID: ICON030318001
Load Frequency Control of Hydro Thermal System with Grey Wolf Controller Considering Boiler Dynamics

A. Arunkumar, S.P.Umayal

Abstract: This paper describes the load frequency control(LFC) of two area interconnected hydro-thermal system using conventional fuzzy logic controller (FLC) and proposed grey wolf optimization(GWO). The thermal system is incorporated with governor dead band, generation rate constraint and boiler dynamics. The hydro system is incorporated with generation rate constraint. The conventional PI controller does not yield adequate control performance with the consideration of nonlinearities and boiler dynamics. To overcome this drawback GWO has been employed in the system. The aim of GWO is to restore the frequency and tie line power in very smooth way to its nominal value in the shortest possible time. Time domain simulations are used to study the performance of the power system. System performance is examined considering 1% step load perturbation in either area of the system.

Wednesday, March 7, 2018

Medium Voltage Resonant DC-DC Converter for Solid-State Transformers in Traction

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 2 | Paper ID: ICON030218001
Medium Voltage Resonant DC-DC Converter for Solid-State Transformers in Traction

K.Fathima and Dr. A.Ravi

Abstract: In the Solid-State Transformer voltage adaptation and isolation is performed by a high power DC-DC converter. It operated in the medium frequency range, hence reduction in size and weight of the converter’s reactive components. We proposes a resonant DC-DC converter which is suitable for solid state transformer in traction.This DC-DC converter implementation of the SST concept, given its operation at medium frequency together with the direct connection to medium voltage. This combination demands the utilization of DC-DC converter to operate in soft-switching mode.IGBT switches are used as power devices, zero-current switching modulation schemes become highly attractive and often mandatory in order to achieve the efficiency goals. To design and simulate the proposed model in MATLAB/ Simulink platform.

Friday, January 12, 2018

A Simulated Annealing MPPT Approach For Partially Shaded PV System

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 1 | Paper ID: ICON030118003
A Simulated Annealing MPPT Approach For Partially Shaded PV System

A.Sumee Jasmine, R.Banumathi, Mr. J.Daniel Sathyaraj and Dr. A. Gnana Saravanan

Abstract: Solar energy is one of the most abundant renewable energy sources, capable of producing electricity with the help of a PV cell. PV cell exhibits a non linear power-voltage (P-V) characteristics leading to a unique point referred as maximum power point(MPP). This MPP varies depending on environmental conditions. This project proposes a Simulated Annealing based Global Maximum Power Point Tracking (GMPPT)

WDO Based Security Constrained Unit Commitment with Flexible Set for Variable Wind Power

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 1 | Paper ID: ICON030118002
WDO Based Security Constrained Unit Commitment with Flexible Set for Variable Wind Power

M.Sumathy, Mrs.A.Amala Manuela, Mr.S.Murugan and Dr. A. Gnana Saravanan

Abstract: Power system operation has witnessed great challenges due to the large-scale integration of wind power. In this project, a two-stage robust security constrained unit commitment (SCUC) model is proposed for managing the wind power uncertainty in the hourly power system scheduling. Different from most existing works on robust SCUC, the flexible uncertainty set for wind power is taken into account, rather than the predefined deterministic one. The proposed method does not only pay attention to the feasible and economic operations within the flexible sets but also consider the risk in wind spillage or load curtailment out of them. It makes a better trade-off between wind power absorption and the economic grid operation, as well as obtaining feasible dispatch schedules. The proposed model and the corresponding solution method have been verified by several case studies in the modified IEEE systems. The results demonstrate the merits of the proposed solution method for managing large variations in the available wind power and lowering the overall cost of power system operations in an uncertain environment. The influence factors are also discussed such as the flexible resource and transmission capacity.

Fuzzy Energy and Reserve Co-optimization with High Penetration of Renewable Energy

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 1 | Paper ID: ICON030118001
Fuzzy Energy and Reserve Co-optimization with High Penetration of Renewable Energy

M.Suresh, Mr.Aravindh, Dr. P.Pannapandi and Dr. A. Gnana Saravanan

Abstract: In this paper, we propose an ANFIS-based energy and reserve co-optimization model with consideration of high penetration of renewable energy. Under the assumption of a fixed uncertainty set of renewable, a two-stage robust model is proposed for clearing energy and reserves in the first stage and checking the feasibility and robustness of re-dispatches in the second stage. ANFIS functions are introduced into the optimization model to represent the satisfaction degree of the variable uncertainty sets. The lower bound of the uncertainty set is expressed as membership functions. The solutions are obtained by transforming the mathematical programming formulation into traditional optimization problems. The new method is applied to a case study of the IEEE 30 -bus power system to verify the effectiveness of the proposed model and algorithm. The generated solution provides unit commitment as well as energy and reserve schedules. It is demonstrated that the ANFIS model can provide a trade-off solution between the system operating risks and total scheduling cost.