Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Why Journal ICON

A Bi-Monthly and Multidisciplinary Journal, High Quality Papers, Peer Review process, Open access policy, Fast Publication, Full Archive for life time

Thursday, May 24, 2018

An Innovative Geometry and Material Design of Patch Antenna

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Paper ID: ICON030318003
An Innovative Geometry and Material Design of Patch Antenna

R. Selvameena and Prof. M. Revathi

Abstract: A novel mm-wave microstrip-fed patch antenna for broader metric and wider angular coverage is meant and verified by measurements. The antenna can able to supply a metric of 13.5% between thirty four.5 and 38.7 GHz. The antenna is made-up on RO3003 substrate with prime and ground layers, that's low fabrication value compared with totally different customary techniques. The wide halfpower beam dimension is attained by suitably designed parasitic patches for the first resonant mode. The second resonant mode contains an enormous choice of HPBW by default.the HPBW results shows worths obtained between 100° and 125° that would be a very cheap worth for a microstrip patch antenna divergent over a ground plane.The measured price of input electrical resistance and radiation characteristic of planned antenna shows excellent agreement with simulation results.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

To Improve The Lifetime Of The WSN Nodes Lifetime By Forming The Clustering Heads Using Heuristic Algorithm

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Paper ID: ICON030318002
To Improve The Lifetime Of The WSN Nodes Lifetime By Forming The Clustering Heads Using Heuristic Algorithm

Dr. A. Sundar Raj, M. Sivaranjani

Abstract: WSNs are an emerging technology that consists of large number of low cost, low power sensor nodes; a sensor node, an electronic device that is capable of detecting environmental conditions. Those sensor nodes can be deployed randomly to perform many applications such as monitoring physical events, for example environmental monitoring, battlefield surveillance, disaster relief, target tracking, etc. and they work together to form a wireless network. During last few years many unequal clustering algorithms have been proposed for Wireless Sensor Networks as an efficient way for balancing the energy consumption and prolonging the lifetime of the networks. In Existing proposal we achieved full throughput by using AODV algorithm. We have slight power loss during data transmission. To overcome that power loss here we are using the heuristic algorithm. a heuristic is a technique designed for solving a problem more quickly when classic methods are too slow, or for finding an approximate solution when classic methods fail to find any exact solution. This is achieved by trading optimality, completeness, accuracy, or precision for speed. In a way, it can be considered a shortcut. A heuristic function, also called simply a heuristic, is a function that ranks alternatives in search algorithms at each branching step based on available information to decide which branch to follow. Cluster head selection and rotation were done based on highest residual energy. The important feature of our proposed unequal clustering technique in transmitting data to the base station was analyzed and emphasized. The proposed unequal clustering technique shows better results when the network’s lifetime is compared to the equal clustering. Its concept can be effectively used to design energy efficient routing protocol in WSN. In our approach, the clusters are formed unequally into different sizes to analyze how it could affect the network lifetime of WSN by using heuristic algorithm.

Tuesday, May 22, 2018

Load Frequency Control of Hydro Thermal System with Grey Wolf Controller Considering Boiler Dynamics

Journal ICON
Year: 2018 | Volume: 3 | Issue: 3 | Paper ID: ICON030318001
Load Frequency Control of Hydro Thermal System with Grey Wolf Controller Considering Boiler Dynamics

A. Arunkumar, S.P.Umayal

Abstract: This paper describes the load frequency control(LFC) of two area interconnected hydro-thermal system using conventional fuzzy logic controller (FLC) and proposed grey wolf optimization(GWO). The thermal system is incorporated with governor dead band, generation rate constraint and boiler dynamics. The hydro system is incorporated with generation rate constraint. The conventional PI controller does not yield adequate control performance with the consideration of nonlinearities and boiler dynamics. To overcome this drawback GWO has been employed in the system. The aim of GWO is to restore the frequency and tie line power in very smooth way to its nominal value in the shortest possible time. Time domain simulations are used to study the performance of the power system. System performance is examined considering 1% step load perturbation in either area of the system.